- Indian mythology, the name emerald was first translated from Sanskrit as “marakata,” meaning “the green of growing things.
- Emeralds show visible inclusions, any emerald without inclusions is suspected to be synthetic or imitation. Emerald inclusions, are caused by calcite deposits are called "jardin" a French word which means garden, because the pattern of the inclusions resemble a summer garden.
- The “emerald cut" or octagon that is the most popular and classical shape for emeralds. The cut follows the natural shape of the rough crystal and its cleavage to create a beautiful faceted gem.
- Emeralds have a Mohs’ hardness of 7.5 – 8.
Lore & Legend
It was known that Emerald was a favorite gem of Cleopatra, the Queen of Egypt, and the Emerald mine in Upper Egypt, rediscovered a hundred years ago near the Red Sea. This mine was one of the earliest Emerald mines in recorded history.
The emerald has been treasured throughout history and has had many different meanings attributed to it. In ancient Egypt the emerald was believed to mean fertility and rebirth. Ancient Greeks saw the emerald as a sign of steadfastness and unswerving devotion, while Ancient Romans believed the green color to be soothing and calming. In China, Thursday was the day for wearing green and emeralds for good luck.
The emerald has always been seen as a symbol of fidelity. During the Middle Ages it was believed that it would keep a woman chaste, but the same was not believed to be true for a man. Emeralds were also believed to reveal what was true or false and was said to be a sure antidote for enchantments and spells. They were also to give eloquence in speech and make people more intelligent and honest. And it was once believed that a high quality emerald would change hues to alert the wearer to impending danger.
My favorite belief about emeralds is that they contain the energy that is necessary to bring creative form to your work and that they also help one express love, devotion, and adoration. Here are some creative gift items that can express your love.